Image courtesy of Metropolitan Transportation Authority of the State of New York. This photo shows the status of construction on the Fulton Street Transit Center's dome as of February 2012.
NEW YORK (AP) - New York’s biggest subway hub opened Sunday in lower Manhattan - a vital link between the new World Trade Center and the rest of the city.
The Metropolitan Transportation Authority inaugurated the $1.4 billion Fulton Center, a transit complex where nine subway lines converge.
“Welcome to the station of the 21st century,” said engineer Michael Horodniceanu, who led the project as president of the Metropolitan Transportation Authority’s Capital Construction.
He spoke to top transit and political officials at the opening of the subway hub that merges century-old stations with the latest digital technology and design.
The facility will open to the public Monday at 5 a.m. Eastern time.
Hundreds of thousands will enter what officials called Lower Manhattan’s “next great public space.” Its soaring street-level atrium is encased in a glass-and-steel shell, with luminous interior panels leading to a skylight designers call the “oculus” - Latin for eye.
Livening up the climate-controlled, energy-saving spaces are various avant-garde artworks.
Construction of this vital subway hub was fraught with challenges. The five underground subway stations partly damaged in the terrorist attacks on Sept. 11, 2001, were closed for months. Then, in 2012, Superstorm Sandy caused flood waters to roar into the tunnels, crippling service.
Now, just feet from the revitalized trade center, the complex is part of a “new hot area,” said U.S. Sen. Charles Schumer.
“It shows you how New York City can always reinvent itself and get better,” said Schumer, remembering the gloomy maze of the old Fulton Street stop where “you would have to rush through those narrow corridors weaving through passengers; everyone is going in every direction, where you could knock someone over or they’d knock you over.”
The federal government funded 90 percent of the $1.4 billion for the Fulton Center and New York state the rest. About $850 million came from a special congressional appropriation in the wake of 9/11.
The old stations that were refurbished and linked swere used by more than 80 percent of the workers commuting to Lower Manhattan.
A 350-foot (105-meter) tunnel links the Fulton Center to the World Trade Center’s Santiago Calatrava-designed transit facility under construction and the PATH commuter train to New Jersey. That tunnel will open sometime next year.
The Fulton project includes the restoration of an early high-rise - the 125-year-old Corbin Building with a sumptuous, nine-story tower. Its original stone foundation is exposed over a set of Fulton escalators.
The historic building in the new setting brings the neighborhood full circle, to the 19th century “when this was the center of New York City,” said Horodniceanu.
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