Collaboration with other governments can be complicated, particularly when it comes to sovereign nations. But a recent change in the Arizona Department of Transportation's contract language with tribal governments is making it easier to partner on transportation projects.
For decades, if ADOT wanted to work with a tribal government, the tribe had to agree to a “waiver of limited sovereign immunity.” Essentially, the waiver required the tribe to take any mediation on a project to the state's courts instead of the tribe's own courts. As a result, many projects never came to be because tribal governments were unwilling to agree to that language.
“The Arizona Management System challenges every ADOT employee, everywhere, to identify ways to improve our value to customers,” ADOT Director John Halikowski said. “This contract language was getting in the way of a lot of essential projects, so we asked, 'Why?' It turned out we could get rid of it with minimal risk to ADOT and to taxpayers.”
One area that has improved with the change is a new agreement with Arizona's tribes regarding transfers of federal funding to the Tribal Transportation Program, which is how Arizona's tribal governments receive transportation funding.
Previously, local transportation projects on tribal land would be funded and administered in much the same way that ADOT administers local transportation projects with other communities, with ADOT overseeing every part of the process including contractor selection, design phase and construction.
With the new language in agreements, ADOT is able to hand over that responsibility directly to the U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs, the Federal Highway Administration or tribes, saving ADOT time and resources.
ADOT's tribal liaisons were instrumental in improving the contract language between ADOT and the tribal governments, working with leaders including the Inter Tribal Council of Arizona.
“The Inter Tribal Council of Arizona was pleased to assist in the coordination of efforts that resulted in the amended contract language,” said Maria Dadgar, executive director of the Inter Tribal Council of Arizona. “We see this as a successful action which will facilitate partnerships with tribal nations in Arizona.”