An artist's rendering of a potential steel truss bridge on Depot Street. Project managers said the color could be chosen by the town.
Obstacles to the Depot Street Bridge replacement project in Bellows Falls, Vt., have reinvigorated a community debate between replacing the bridge at its existing site or constructing an alternative, angled bridge that would shift the flow of traffic further north, an option which is favored by many economic-development proponents.
Officials from the nearby Town of Rockingham and the Village of Bellows Falls learned March 30 that the town's plan to replace the historic Depot Street Bridge with a similar concrete arch design will not be economically viable, due to engineering challenges and related impacts that would drive the cost well beyond what the state originally anticipated.
In 2019, the Vermont Agency of Transportation (VTrans) estimated a project cost of $3.4 million to raze the crumbling 112-year-old bridge and replace it with a similarly designed replica alongside the existing location. State and federal funds would cover 90-95 percent of the total cost and Rockingham would cover the remainder, then estimated at $172,000.
Project managers, presenting to the Village Trustees and Rockingham Selectboard, reported that the proposed arch replica will require extensive engineering that could not only compromise the integrity of the historic canal underneath the bridge, but drive the project cost over budget by millions of dollars.
According to project consultant Scott Burbank from Vanasse Hangen Brustlin Inc. (VHB), an engineering firm based in Burlington, Vt., supporting an arch design would require the construction of a cofferdam, a watertight enclosure pumped dry to allow workers to build safely below the water level. Project managers learned from the owners of Great River Hydro, who operate a hydroelectric plant on the canal, that the dam requires a constant water level of 3 ft.
When the original arch was constructed, the channel had been dry, Burbank explained.
A cofferdam would cost approximately $2.1 million and could have "significant impact on the historic canal's bottom and walls," he added.
The extensive engineering also would require an eight-month dam shutdown, requiring the project to reimburse Great River Hydro for its lost revenues, which would total an additional $1.6 million to $4.8 million, Burbank said.
The project managers instead proposed a steel truss design for the bridge. While not a replica to the existing concrete arch, a steel truss span would not require underwater construction. Additionally, while the project would still take eight months to complete, the impact would only require Great River Hydro to close for one month, Burbank reported.
The steel truss design also blends well with the town's railroad history.
"I know a lot of people had their hearts set on the arch," said Kyle Obenauer, an architect from VTrans. "But aside from the constructability perspective, there has been a truss on Depot Street in the past, so there is that historical connection. And for an area that has been so deeply shaped and influenced by railroad construction evolution, a truss also fits historically."
Proponents Suggest Alternative Proposal
Several elected officials proposed another idea: to reconsider the alternative "off-alignment" bridge proposal, which VTrans also suggested in 2019.
The alternative proposal, which the Rockingham Selectboard rejected by a split-vote of 3-2, would have built a new angled bridge across the canal and keep the Depot Street Bridge in place, which the town could then convert to a pedestrian-only bridge.
An off-alignment bridge, proponents reiterated, would reduce the number of commercial trucks that drive through the village square and create a needed connector to The Island, a high-density industrial area that Rockingham officials hope will attract new business start-ups.
Some officials said they would like to keep the Depot Street Bridge rather than tear it down. The bridge's use as a pedestrian walkway would further enhance the downtown village experience and could serve up to another 40 years if relieved from the weight of vehicles.
"I would like to consider the value to our pedestrians and the Village vibe of having a bridge of flowers [and] have that beautiful experience of walking across the canal on a bridge that has been landscaped," suggested Town Manager Scott Pickup.
The selectman who voted against the alternative bridge in 2019 identified cost as a primary concern. At that time, the alternate plan was estimated to cost $3.9 million, and the town's portion would have been approximately $353,100. The selectmen also expressed their reservations about assuming the liability for the existing Depot Street Bridge, which the town would have to pay to maintain or demolish when it reached the end of its life.
No decision was made March 30 regarding the Depot Street Bridge. VTrans is expected to provide new cost estimates for both projects: the original plan with a steel truss design or the alternative off-alignment proposal.
Located in southeast Vermont, Rockingham includes the unincorporated villages of Bellows Falls and Saxtons River. Bellows Falls itself is nestled on the Connecticut River.
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