Preparing a construction site is a huge undertaking and can lead to many unforeseens. From clearing landto land excavation,having the proper earth moving equipment is essential to getting the job done right.

Installing new sidewalks and bike paths is primarily a simple, straight-forward project, but this was not the case for a project that included the construction of 4,050 linear ft. of new sidewalks and bike lanes under Interstate 5 (I-5) at Santa Fe Drive and Encinitas Boulevard in the city of Encinitas.

Eutaw Construction Company Inc. crews will be on-site for the construction of the Mississippi Department of Transportation's (MDOT) $81 million State Route 76 construction in Itawamba County project until the end of 2023 as they build a 9-mi. extension of the 4-lane highway.

Seven months into the Houston Airports System (HAS) $58.9 million rehabilitation of Taxiway WB at George Bush Intercontinental Airport (IAH), construction crews from Flatiron are making steady progress on the project that began in early February and has a projected delivery date of early 2022.

If you ask any American contractor if they have ever dabbled in "operated plant" or "wet hire" before, you will likely see a confused or amused look on their face. These synonymous offerings refer to when a contractor pays for the rental of complex earthmoving machinery, plus the skill of the operator to move the required material for the project.

In Bartholomew County, Ind., construction teams are working to complete a $31.5 million project designed to reduce current and likely future delays to traffic on SR 46, due to train activity at the L&I rail crossing. It also will ease congestion and improve vehicular mobility at the SR 46/SR 11 intersection.

In Milwaukee, new technology is helping transform an old building site. The construction of Komatsu Mining Corporation's $285 million headquarters is widely considered a good idea because the redeveloped property will be an attractive addition to the Harbor District.

Although not an interstate highway, U.S. Highway 70 in eastern North Carolina is steadily being transformed into one. The highway is already one of the state's most critical transportation arteries. Most of the route across the length of the state is made up of four lanes, while some sections have been converted to freeways.

Construction crews in Kansas continue making progress on a $65 million undertaking known as The Green Project. Workers are tasked with replacing aging pavement; the structurally deficient bridges over the Little Arkansas River; and the functionally obsolete bridges over Arkansas Avenue and Broadway Avenue.

A former soybean field in Waterloo, Iowa, is being transformed into a $100 million theme park that will offer more than 20 rides when it opens in 2022. The project will complement a popular nearby tourist attraction. "Lost Island has been providing a world-class water park experience for 20 years," said Eric Bertch, Lost Island general manager.

Construction on the new $130 million events venue/arena for the Rushmore Plaza Civic Center (RPCC), future home of the Monument in Rapid City, S.D., began last November when crews from Mortenson Construction and its local partner, Scull Construction Services Inc., started work on the 225,960-sq.-ft.

Construction on another section of the North Carolina Department of Transportation's (NCDOT) Fayetteville Outer Loop project began last spring — a $129.7 million design-build contract awarded to the Wilmington, N.C.-based team of Balfour Beatty Infrastructure Inc.